The 52 Spanish cities are to 60% of compliance with the SDGs, standing out at the top of all the fulfillment of Objective 3 of Health and Well-being, which registers an average of fulfillment of 85%, while in the tail is the Objective 13 of Action for the climate, with an average of 32%. SDG 16, Peace, justice and strong institutions, and SDG 8, Decent work and economic growth, with an average degree of compliance of 76% and 73% respectively, are the next best performing goals in Spanish cities.

To make this report, IdenCity – a consultancy specialized in transformation processes of cities and territories chaired by the former mayor of Barcelona Jordi Hereu – has prepared an SDG Index that assesses the degree of compliance with these objectives through 125 goals of the 169 included by the UN in the 2030 Agenda and analyzing 295 indicators. “At IdenCity we wanted to create a tool to monitor the behavior of cities in a series of urban areas. The SDG Index makes it possible to accompany cities and territories in their transformation process to achieve compliance with the 2030 Agenda ”, explains Jordi Hereu.

Madrid, Barcelona and San Sebastián, in the lead

By cities, Madrid stands out for appearing on six occasions among the five Spanish cities that most comply with an SDG, obtaining the first place in the case of Goal 16 of Peace, justice and solid institutions, the third in Goal 8 of decent work and economic growth, the fourth in Goal 17 of Partnerships to achieve the goals, and the fifth in SDG 1, 9 and 12, related to the End of poverty; Industry, innovation and infrastructure, and Responsible consumption and production, respectively. In the case of Barcelona, ranks as the Spanish capital with the highest compliance with SDG 1 (End of poverty) and 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure) and appears in three second places in Goal 12 (Responsible production and consumption), 14 (Life submarine) and 17 (Alliances to achieve the objectives).

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Saint Sebastian It is the city that most times reaches the first place, leading the fulfillment of SDG 4 (Quality education), 12 (Responsible production and consumption) and 15 (Life of terrestrial ecosystems) and ranking third in SDG 13 (Climate action) and in the fourth in the 11 (Sustainable cities and communities). Bilbao, Tarragona and Zaragoza are also at the forefront of compliance with the SDGs with five appearances for each one in the ‘top’ 5 of the SDGs.

Autonomous communities

At the territorial level, the study yields “positive and balanced” data on a national scale, since, with the exception of the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla, all the autonomous communities achieve representation through some of their capitals among the top five positions of some of the seventeen goals. In this regard, Andalusia, Catalonia and the Basque Country are the autonomous regions that achieve the greatest representation in the ‘top’ 5 of the SDGs.

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‘Top’ Spanish capitals by SDG

  • SDG 1: Barcelona, ​​Soria, Tarragona, Vitoria and Madrid.

  • SDG 2: Guadalajara, Huelva, Lugo, Córdoba and Cádiz.

  • SDG 3: Pamplona, ​​Lugo, Logroño, Albacete and Vitoria.

  • SDG 4: San Sebastián, Ciudad Real, La Coruña, Granada and Vitoria.

  • SDG 5: Zamora, Cádiz, Córdoba, Ourense and Lleida.

  • SDG 6: Zaragoza, Pamplona, ​​Castellón, Cáceres and Bilbao.

  • SDG 7: Seville, Salamanca, Soria, Lleida and Logroño.

  • SDG 8: Lugo, Zaragoza, Madrid, Toledo and Tarragona.

  • SDG 9: Barcelona, ​​Bilbao, Santander, Seville and Madrid.

  • SDG 10: Cáceres, Ciudad Real, Huesca, Zaragoza and Ávila.

  • SDG 11: Albacete, Valladolid, Bilbao, San Sebastián and Tarragona.

  • SDG12: San Sebastián, Barcelona, ​​Murcia, Granada and Madrid.

  • SDG 13: Palma, Murcia, San Sebastián, Cáceres and Bilbao.

  • SDG 14: Tarragona, Barcelona, ​​Cádiz, Almería and Pontevedra.

  • SDG 15: San Sebastián, Pontevedra, Soria, Santander and Bilbao.

  • SDG 16: Madrid, Ciudad Real, Zaragoza, Oviedo and Soria.

  • SDG 17: Bilbao, Barcelona, ​​Pamplona, ​​Madrid and Zaragoza.

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