PRI and PAN present, separately, their electoral counter-reform

The opposition parties, the Institutional Revolutionary and the National Action, presented this week, separately, their electoral counter-reform proposals and some points of their initiatives do not coincide.

In days past the opposition bloc ‘Va por México’ -made up of PRI, PAN and PRD- announced that they would vote against the electoral reform proposed by Morena because search weaken institutions and because in his opinion, it is a distraction from the federal government for not addressing key issues, such as insecurity and corruption.

This Friday, the coordinator of the PRI parliamentary group, Rubén Moreira, presented at a press conference the 10 points contained in his electoral reform proposal; two days ago, the PAN deputy, Marco Humberto Aguilar Coronado, did the same during the blended session of the Permanent Commission, in the Senate of the Republic.

These are the 10 points included in the electoral reform of the PRI: reduce the councils from 500 to 300; proposes a second round for the presidential election; create the figure of vice-presidency of the Republic; greater freedom of expression during electoral campaigns and the reduction of public financing to parties and expansion of global citizen financing.

As well as the frontal fight against the interference of organized crime in electoral processes; electronic voting in electronic ballot box mode; full nationalization of federal and local commissions; strengthening the appointment of electoral councilors and the autonomy and efficiency of the electoral justice system and the Electoral Tribunal.

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Meanwhile, the objective of the PAN proposal is that anyone can run for public office, that the proposals of any candidacy can be widely disseminated and known by the population, that all contenders have equitable guarantees and tools to aspire to obtain the citizen vote and, finally, that the citizen can choose between all the options and that all the ideas, all the forces and all the voices integrate the national political representation, recognizing the plurality in which we live and that it wants to deny.

Our reform proposal contrasts with that defended by Morena and its allies, precisely because it is designed to improve the functioning of the electoral system for the benefit of citizens, since it strengthens their ability to favor one or another political offer,” said PAN legislator Marco Aguilar Coronado, according to a statement from the blue and white

He also mentioned that one of the main contrasts of the initiative, with the President’s proposal, “is that he intends to establish one-party system again, they intend to aspire and end the differences to silence the other political partiesdream of avoiding the cumbersome hassle of the polls, because they know that this is where a government is judged and where the popularity ratings lose the heady effects in which they have been immersed since 2018.

Among the proposal highlights:

  • Point out that a federal or local election will be void when the intervention, involvement, act of intimidation, threat or influence of a person or persons belonging to or linked to organized crime is proven.
  • Indicate that representatives of proportional representation will be elected through regional lists that will be integrated in turn by the list A that will contain the names of twenty candidates emanating from the internal processes of the parties and list B, which will be integrated with those candidates based on the relative majority principle who had not won the corresponding election but obtained the best results or with the highest number of votes in the corresponding constituency of their parties or coalitions.
  • Consider that the final regional lists will be made up of the result of interleaving the formulas of candidates from lists “A” and “B”, which will always be headed by the first formula from list “A”, such interleaving may Generate blocks of up to two formulas of the same sort, but from different source lists.
  • To stipulate that, in no case, a political party may have a number of deputies for both principles that represent a percentage of the total of the Chamber that exceeds by four points its percentage of national votes cast.
  • Consider that it is an exclusive power of the Senate to ratify the appointments that the same official makes of the Secretaries of State, in the event that the latter forms a coalition government.
  • Establish that the candidacy that obtains half plus one of the total number of votes cast will be elected to occupy the position of President of the Republic, by absolute majority.
  • Determine that on election day, voters will express their preference for a candidacy, and later they will express the candidacies of their preference in each of the possible crossroads in the event of a second electoral round.
  • Define that, if no candidacy obtained an absolute majority, a second electoral round will be held, for which purpose the candidacies with the least number of votes will be eliminated, and only the two candidacies that have obtained the highest number of votes will be considered.
  • Note that the president may form a coalition government with one or more of the political parties represented in the Congress of the Union, in the event that the party that has nominated him does not have an absolute majority in the chambers of Congress.
  • Delimit that, for the processes of popular consultation and revocation of mandate, they can only be promoted by the electoral bodies and that the violation of this obligation will be sanctioned by administrative, penal and electoral legislation.
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