The Monkeypox does not spread easily and the risk to the general population is low. However, the risk increases in close contacts and certain sectorswarned the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
According to the ECDC epidemiological assessment, the overall risk is assessed as moderate for people who have multiple sexual partners and low for the general population.
Although the majority of cases in the current outbreaks have presented with mild symptoms of the disease, it can be serious in certain groups such as young children, pregnant women and immunocompromised people. However, the probability of cases with serious morbidity cannot yet be accurately estimated, the European agency said.
Despite this, the director of the ECDC, Andrea Ammon, reiterated that precautions must be taken to prevent its spread.
“Those infected must remain isolated so that their injuries heal completely. Most cases can be isolated at home while infected and those who have had close contacts should self-monitor for symptom development during 21 days after exposure”, he stressed.
Ammon added that the Symptoms commonly include fever, headaches, swollen lymph nodes, and rash.
The overall risk is assessed as moderate for persons having multiple sexual partners (including some groups of MSM) and low for the broader population.
— ECDC (@ECDC_EU) May 23, 2022
The ECDC detailed that the broadcast occurs through close contact with infected material or skin lesions, as well as through respiratory droplets.
Therefore, health workers and laboratory personnel should use equipment such as gloves, waterproof gown, mask when evaluating suspected cases or attending a case.
He also added that there is a potential risk of human-to-animal transmission. However, to date, it is not aware of any report on this type of infection in the European Union.
To date, cases of monkeypox have been reported in nine EU countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the Netherlands. Also, the United States, Canada and Argentina they also reported infections in their territories.
Belgium decreed a mandatory 21-day quarantine for those who become infected, the first country in the world to take such a measure.