India approves new commitments to reduce emissions that warm the planet

More than a year after the United Nations set a deadline to update commitments to reduce emissions that warm the planet, India, the third most polluting country in the world, finally approved new goals to achieve it.

India’s federal cabinet approved the country’s new domestic emissions pledgesknown as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs).

Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced these targets last year at the UN climate talks in Glasgow, but the measures had yet to be formalized.

India’s new NDC will commit the country to reducing emissions intensity by 45% from its 2005 level over the next seven years, which is a 10% increase from its previous promise in 2016.

With renewable sources, such as solar and wind, India will try to meet half of its energy demand by 2030. This is also an increase from its previous target of 40%, which the government said it had reached by December 2021.

Under the Paris Agreement of 2015, the parties must update its long-term climate goals every five years and urged to show greater ambition as climate change impacts worsen.

“The decision on upgrading the NDCs demonstrates India’s commitment at the highest level to decoupling economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions,” a government statement said.

The updated NDC will now be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The government has also said it will aim to have net zero emissions by 207020 years later than climate scientists say is necessary.

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