The poverty, disease, school dropout and violence increased in Mexico for children and adolescents in the wake of the pandemic in 2021, warned the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
According to its annual report on the situation of children and adolescents in Mexico, presented this Tuesday, this sector has higher levels of poverty than other population groups.
52.6% of infants and adolescents from 0 to 17 years of age are in this condition, while in people from 18 onwards the figure is 43.9%.
According to the report, in 2021, households with minors continued to have minor income those perceived before the pandemic.
“The economic expansion at the national level in 2021 was unfortunately accompanied by an increase in the vulnerability of children and adolescents in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic,” said Fernando Carrera Castro, UNICEF representative in the country.
Similarly, the UN body recorded that there is a disease prevalence, as the chronic malnutrition among children under five (13.9%), of the anemia among those from one to four years (32.5%), overweight and obesity. This is because households with infants continued to have difficulties in accessing and consuming healthy foods in said year.
In conjunction with the @DIF_NMX @Your_IMSS and the @inspmx We work on the development of a National Health and Nutrition Strategy for the
prevention of all forms of malnutrition during the first 1,000 days of life for boys and girls. 📃👇#Report2021 #UNICEF
– UNICEF Mexico (@UNICEFMexico) August 9, 2022
In addition, the minors showed symptoms and behaviors associated with deterioration of mental health.
Likewise, the confinement linked to the pandemic led to a increase in domestic violence crimes: 5.3% in 2020 compared to 2019.
Finally, children and adolescents faced “serious challenges” to ensure the continuation of studies and learning due to associated expensesthe fear of contagion in school settings and delays in the reopening of campuses.
UNICEF warned that there is a potential increasing learning gaps and school dropouts, especially in vulnerable populations such as indigenous groups.
Given this, the agency sought fstrengthen and expand social protection, as well as prevent, treat and reduce diseases and increase access to health services.
In addition to supporting efforts so that infants have access to education and better care options.