Health issues epidemiological notice for human rabies

The Ministry of Health issued an epidemiological notice so that the entire health sector is on alert for possible suspected, probable, confirmed and ruled out cases of rabies.

The official report reached all medical units, epidemiological surveillance units and the National Network of Public Health Laboratories.

Salud indicated that this notice occurs after the recent detection of a case of rabies, in a dog in the state of Sonora.

In addition to the contagion confirmed by an unvaccinated cat towards a woman in Nayaritthe notification of two confirmed cases (one by laboratory and the other by epidemiological association), and one probable, followed by the notification of three more suspects in January 2023 for assault by bat.

Regarding the recent case of Sonora, the agency reported that nine people who had risky contact with the infected animal are being followed up.

“The antigenic characterization identified is the V7 variant associated with the gray foxwhich confirms that the dog was attacked by a wildlife animal that infected it with rabies.”

The federal government affirms that in 2019 Mexico became the first country to receive certification from the WHO for have eliminated dog-borne rabies as a public health problem.

The incubation period is six to 249 days, with an average of 69and the variability depends on the transmitting species and the virus inoculation site.

This disease causes acute and progressive encephalitis, and is fatal as there is no specific treatment against the virus.

It is vitally important that before the attack of any animal such as dogs, cats, mice, bats, etc., seek medical evaluation immediately.

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The information indicates that rabies transmitted by jungle mammals has become more important.

The most common transmitter is blood-sucking bat (Desmodus rotundus). In the last five years, 65 cases of human rabies were registered in the region of the Americas, of which 66 percent were transmitted by jungle mammals.

How is anger defined?

Human rabies is a disease of animals transmitted to people by direct contagion.

It causes acute and progressive encephalitis. It can manifest as furious (signs of hyperactivity, excitement, hydrophobia) or paralytic (muscular paralysis).

The neurological phase generates lapses of lucidity and delirium, rapid breathing, paralysis of the cranial, cardiac muscle, and respiratory nerves.

According to the WHO, this virus is distributed on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica, and presents practically 100 percent lethality.

Every year, rabies causes more than 60,000 deaths worldwide, 95 percent are concentrated in Asia and Africa, and up to 99 percent are transmitted by dogs.

Rabies can be transmitted by dogs, cats, bats, coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, and other mammals. Cows, goats, sheep, pigs, horses, donkeys, among others, are susceptible to this disease and can transmit it through contact with humans.

There is no specific treatment. In the face of serious risk of exposure, application of human rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin is recommended.

In case of being mild, only the human rabies vaccine.

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